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However, based on the multiple studies in cervical cancer showing better results with the combination compared to radiation alone, many HCPs recommend the use of concurrent radiation and cisplatin-based chemotherapy for high-risk vaginal cancer patients. Other chemotherapy medications that are used in the treatment of vaginal cancer include carboplatin, fluorouracil, paclitaxel, and docetaxel. Chemotherapy can also be used to control (as opposed to cure) recurrent or widespread disease.

Many of the side effects of surgery and radiation happen because the bladder and rectum are close to the vagina. These organs can be damaged during surgery or with radiation. Side effects from the radiation can include irritation of the bowel and bladder which can lead to diarrhea and increased frequency or urgency of http mel view doc html movements or urination.

This often resolves within a few weeks of finishing treatment, though it can become a Neotrace-4 (Metal-4 Combination (for Neonates))- FDA concern for some women. Radiation can cause scar tissue to form in the vagina and the tissue can become dry and less elastic.

There baseball be some shrinking of the vagina and vaginal opening. Scarring of the vaginal tissue can result in "adhesions", or areas where scar tissue forms, sealing the sides of the vaginal together. This can make vaginal exams http mel view doc html sexual intercourse difficult and uncomfortable.

Your oncology team will teach you to use vaginal dilators to reduce the severity of this side effect. Rarely, a connection between the bladder or rectum and the vagina can form (also known graham johnson a fistula), which allows passage of stool or urine into the vagina.

Damage to the drainage (lymphatic) system in the area, by radiation or surgery to remove lymph nodes, can lead to a chronic swelling called lymphedema, which can occur at any time after treatment. Notify your healthcare provider if you develop any swelling in the legs or pelvis.

A survivor csab lymphedema http mel view doc html develops pain or redness in the leg(s), especially with fever, should be evaluated right away, as these signs may indicate infection. Talk to your healthcare provider about participating in clinical trials in your area. After treatment for vaginal cancer, you will be followed closely by your provider.

In general, you will have a pelvic exam and pap test every 3-6 months for the first 5 years and less frequently after that. You should feel comfortable contacting your care provider for any concerning symptoms and quality of life issues, including body image and sexuality concerns.

Fear of recurrence, relationships, and sexual health issues, the financial impact of cancer treatment, employment issues, and coping strategies are common emotional and practical issues experienced by vaginal increase survivors. Http mel view doc html healthcare team herbal remedies medicine identify resources for support and management of these challenges faced during and after cancer.

With some 17 million cancer survivors in the US alone, there is a need to help patients transition from active treatment to survivorship. DES Action: advocacy organization for people affected by DES exposure with lots of educational information on their website.

Society of Gynecologic Oncology: Professional organization of gynecologic oncologists. Find a specialist tool. On rectal examination there is no cancer-free space between the tumor and pelvic side wall. Cancer Staging Form Supplement to the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, 8thEdition. American Brachytherapy Society consensus guidelines for interstitial brachytherapy for vaginal cancer.

Worldwide burden of cancer attributable to HPV by site, http mel view doc html and HPV type. International journal of cancer, 141(4), 664-670. Cancer of the vagina. Http mel view doc html, K et al. European journal of gynecologic oncology: 31(6): 679-681. Radical Hysterectomy and Total Abdominal Vaginectomy for Primary Vaginal Cancer. International journal of gynecological cancer, 26(3), 580-581. In, Atlas of gynecologic oncology imaging (pp.

Human papillomavirus genotype prevalence in invasive vaginal cancer from a registry-based population. Obstetrics and gynecology, 123(4), 817. Vaginal Cancer, Medscape, Updated May 3, 2012.

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