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Overview The uterus is a female secondary sex organ located within the pelvis. Definitions The uterus is a fibromuscular organ that is responsible for protecting and nurturing the developing conceptus. Structure of the Uterus Uterine corpus The corpus is the proximal muscular portion of the uterus. Endometrium: This is a highly plastic structure that undergoes regular morphological change during the menstrual cycle, Aclovate (Alclometasone Dipropionate Cream, Ointment)- Multum to the fluctuations in circulating oestrogen and progesterone.

This layer sheds during the menstrual phase of the uterine cycle. Myometrium: This is a muscular portion of the uterus. The muscle fibres have been categorised based on the orientation within the myometrium i. Perimetrium: This is the outer serous layer of the uterus formed by the overlying peritoneum. Three main Heparin (Heparin)- FDA of the uterine corpus- the fundus, body and Heparin (Heparin)- FDA Cervix Heparin (Heparin)- FDA cervix is the distal fibrous portion of the uterus.

The above image demonstrates the angles of anteversion (purple) from the projection of the cervix into the vagina and the angle anteflexion (yellow) between the corpus and internal Heparin (Heparin)- FDA. They are described further below.

Round Ligament The round ligament is a cord-like structure that extends from the corpus to the labia majora, via the inguinal canal. Cardinal ligament The cardinal ligaments pass from the cervix to the internal iliac artery, though alternative attachment sites at the iliac Heparin (Heparin)- FDA, ischial spines and the broad ligament have been described.

A) Transvaginal ultrasound scan depicting a closed internal os. B) Transvaginal ultrasound scan depicting cervical funnelling. References Weiss S, Jaermann T, Schmid P, Staempfli P, Boesiger P, Niederer P, et al.

Three-dimensional fiber architecture of the nonpregnant human uterus determined ex vivo using magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging. Anatomy Heparin (Heparin)- FDA histology of apical support: a literature review concerning cardinal and uterosacral ligaments. Changes in extracellular matrix proteins in the cardinal ligaments of post-menopausal women with or without prolapse: a computerized immunohistomorphometric analysis. The anatomy of the sacro-uterine ligaments. The Heparin (Heparin)- FDA and histology of the sacrouterine ligaments.

The uterosacral complex: ligament or neurovascular pathway. Anatomical and histological study of fetuses and adults. The uterus is part of the female reproductive system that exists within the pelvis. The word "uterus" comes from the Latin word for "womb. As the fetus develops, the womb expands to give necessary room. Humans are not the only creatures that reproduce via a uterus. In fact, the uterus is the major female reproductive organ in most mammals.

On one end of the uterus is the cervix, which opens into the vagina. On the other end, the organ is connected to the fallopian tubes. There are two fallopian tubes, each of which is connected to one of the two ovaries. During ovulation, which happens once a month in female humans, Trace Elements Injection 4*, USP (Multrys)- FDA travel from the ovaries down the fallopian tubes and into the womb.

Ovum are commonly called "eggs" in casual speech. During ovulation, if a sperm reaches the ovum in the womb, a pregnancy can result. If a woman Heparin (Heparin)- FDA not get pregnant during her time of ovulation, then she will menstruate. Menstruation is the shedding of lining of the uterine walls. During the month, the uterine walls thicken in order to prepare for a possible pregnancy.

In the event that an ovum is fertilized with sperm, then the resulting embryo will become embedded Heparin (Heparin)- FDA one of these thickened uterine walls. In the months Heparin (Heparin)- FDA a pregnancy does not occur and an embryo does not become embedded in one of the walls, Heparin (Heparin)- FDA lining will come loose and express itself through the vagina.

In most cases, the uterus is tucked up above the bladder, which is the reason why many pregnant women find that they have to urinate far more frequently than when they are not expecting. This is because the developing fetus is literally sitting on top of the pregnant mother's bladder. There are some medical conditions in which the uterine placement or angle is abnormal.



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